1. Memory as a motion picture? – not likely - some simple calculations
2. The Stage Theory of Memory. The three stages:
a. Sensory memory – Sperling’s experiment
b. Short-term memory (STM) – capacity: 7 + 2 items.
c. Long-term memory (LTM)
- How does information get from STM into LTM;
- the primacy and the recency effects;
- overcoming the “bottleneck” effect by organizing information into MEANINGFUL units (chunking)
d. Levels of encoding of information:
- Sensory memory
- Letters, numbers
- Words and sentence meaning
- Main point of stories
- Sense of character, flow of events
3. Neurological evidence for theory -- Types of memory loss:
a. Anterograge amnesia
b. Retrograde amnesia
4. Memory as an ACTIVE process – Shallow vs. deep processing; mnemonic devices (rhythm, method of loci).
5. Retrieval –retrieval cues; state dependent retrieval and the principle of encoding specificity
6. Types of memory:
a. Episodic -- “I remember when …"
b. Semantic --“I know that …”
c. Procedural – knowing how to …
7. Constructing memories – How accurate is eyewitness testimony?