Learning II: Behaviorism and Cognitivism
1. Radical behaviorism:
a. J.B. Watson No references to thoughts, feelings, and hidden motives.
b. B.F. Skinner: So far as I know, my behavior at any given moment has been nothing more than the
product of my genetic endowment, my personal history, and the current setting.
2. Radical behaviorism reconsidered:
a. Cognitive processes at work
- Expectancy, awareness and information seeking in classical conditioning
- Latent learning and over-justification in instrumental learning
b. Biological predispositions John Garcia and his smart rats; the concept of preraredness to learn some things better and faster.
3. Cognitive learning
a. Edward Tolman --What really matters when animals and humans learn is that they acquire new
knowledge in the form of cognitions or representations.
b. Cognitive maps as examples of representations.