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Learning II: Behaviorism and Cognitivism



1. Radical behaviorism:
 

a. J.B. Watson – No references to thoughts, feelings, and hidden motives.

b. B.F. Skinner: “So far as I know, my behavior at any given moment has been nothing more than the
                            product of my genetic endowment, my personal history, and the current setting.”


2. Radical behaviorism reconsidered:
 

a. Cognitive processes at work
 


b. Biological predispositions – John Garcia and his smart rats; the concept of preraredness to learn some things better and faster.


3. Cognitive learning
 

a. Edward Tolman --What really matters when animals and humans learn is that they acquire new
                                  knowledge in the form of cognitions or representations.

b. Cognitive maps as examples of representations.