Sensation I: The Logic of Sensory Systems
1. The Empiricists and their view on the origins of knowledge: we can know reliably only that which come to us through the senses.
a. John Locke (1632 – 1704) – the mind of a newborn baby is a blank slate
b. George Berkeley (1685 – 1753)
c. David Hume (1711 – 1776)
2. Distal and proximal stimuli
3. The overall logic of the senses: According to evolutionary theory, our senses have evolved in a certain way to serve a purpose, namely for us to fit well our niche, our particular environment.
4. The question of energy transduction:
HOW DOES OUTSIDE INFORMATION GET TRANSFORMED INTO A FORM THAT CAN BE USED BY THE ORGANISM?
5. Encoding for sensory intensity (bright vs. dim light) and sensory quality (color vs. sound)
6. An overview of the senses:
CONCLUSION: Senses are remarkably complex information gathering systems.